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    城市绿地系统协同规划方法研究——以广东鹤山市绿地系统规划为例

    关键词:风景园林;城市绿地;协同规划;内部协作;外部协调

    Key words:landscape architecture; urban green space; synergistic planning; internal collaboration; external coordination

    摘要:基于“协同导致有序”和“支配原理”这2个协同学的重要观点,指出城市绿地系统协同规划包括系统内部的协作及与外部的协调。内部的协作是依据绿地功能机理制约的自组织机制导致的绿地系统协同布局;外部的协调指在外部因素的影响下,绿地系统与外部的土地基础条件和社会经济环境的协同。由此提出了绿地系统协同规划方法,包括绿地基础构架构建、子系统到大系统功能协同布局和社会经济调控绿地布局3个步骤。最后,通过广东鹤山市绿地系统协同规划实践探讨该方法的实际应用。

    Abstract:Based on two important viewpoints – "synergy leads to order" and "domination principle" of synergistics, it was pointed out that the synergistic planning of urban green space system included cooperation within the system and the coordination with outside. Internal collaboration was the synergistic layout of green space system caused by the self-organization mechanism according to the restricting of function mechanism of green space; external coordination was the synergy of green space system with the external condition of land and social economic environment influenced by external factors. So the synergistic planning method of green space system was proposed, which included three steps: construction of green infrastructure, the green space layout with function synergy from subsystem to system and regulating the green space layout by the social and economic condition. Finally, the application of this method was explored by the practice of green space system planning of Heshan, Guangdong.

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