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    城市河流景观的自然化修复——以慕尼黑“伊萨河计划”为例

    关键词:风景园林;自然化修复;城市河流景观;伊萨河计划;防洪;滨水游憩空间

    Key words:landscape architecture; re-naturalized restoration; urban river landscape; Isar-Plan; flood protection; waterfront recreation space

    摘要:慕尼黑“伊萨河计划”对长8km的伊萨河流域进行了为期11年的河床改造、河岸重塑、河堤加固以及水体改良与水量控制,其在提高城市河流防洪能力的同时,构建了自然化的城市河流景观,并为市民们提供了优质的滨水游憩空间。该项目在可持续、动态的改造过程,优化游憩系统以及恢复具有地域特征的河流景观等方面堪称同类项目中的典范, 对我国城市河流景观的修复与改造具有借鉴意义。

    Abstract:The project Isar-Plan in Munich, comprising an 8km stretch of Isar River, has been realized after 11 years' construction. Improving flood protection, developing a more natural urban river landscape and providing citizens with high quality waterfront recreation space were achieved through remoulding the river bed, reshaping the new riverbank, implementing the dyke restoration and the water quality improvement and water quantity control. The experience of Isar-Plan could be a good reference for similar restoration projects of urban river landscapes in China in aspects of the sustainable and dynamic working process, optimizing the recreation system and rebuilding the river landscape with regional characters, etc.

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