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    藏地佛教理想景观及其文化景观的布局映射

    关键词:风景园林;文化景观;理想景观;藏地;佛教;布局

    Key words:landscape architecture; cultural landscape; ideal landscape; Tibetan; Buddhist; layout

    摘要:通过藏族原始神话中景观的表述及体现,结合其文化中对世界景观的朴素认识,还原出藏族的理想景观形态,在此基础上融入佛教宇宙观,论证了理想景观的生成与认定。分析总结了坛城以及香巴拉佛国的理想景观的结构特征;结合藏族对几何形态的认识,找到研究文化景观布局的图形入口。从寺庙的选址,大尺度古城景观平面布局以及寺庙布局等方面论证了藏地佛教文化理想景观与其文化景观之间的映射,总结了从理想景观到现实景观的思维过程。

    Abstract:Through Tibetan primitive mythology expression and expression of landscape, combining with the local culture in the simple understanding of the landscape, this paper restores the ideal of the Tibetan landscape form. Based on Buddhist cosmology, it demonstrates the formation of the ideal landscape. The analysis summarizes the ideal landscape structure characteristics of mandala and Shambhala Buddhist Kingdom. Through the study on Tibetan knowledge of geometry plane figures, the analysis finds landscape layout research entry. From the temple's location, landscape layout, and the large-scale city landscape layout aspect, the article demonstrates the Tibetan Buddhist culture ideal mapping between landscape and cultural landscape field, and summarizes the thought process from ideal landscape to the real landscape.

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