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    风景园林中的设计思维

    关键词:风景园林;创造力;创造性思维;设计思维;景观设计教学;可视化

    Key words:landscape architecture; creativity; creative thinking; design thinking; landscape design teaching; visualized

    摘要:风景园林师运用他们的创造力以及创造性的思维能力为世界上许多有关环境和社区的问题寻找解决途径。风景园林教育为保证学生通过学习掌握创造性解决问题的思维起到了重要的作用。而通过思考与映像体现出创造力的行为被称作“设计思维”。通过描述设计思维与设计思考者的特征,以及可视化的作用,探讨了设计思维在景观设计中的作用与地位。同时,展示了中国呼和浩特内蒙古农业大学林学院一群硕士研究生对自己设计思维能力的评估结果。这份自我评估结果凸显了将创造性与设计思维技巧正式纳入景观设计教学的必要性。

    Abstract:Landscape architects are well placed to bring their creativity and their creative thinking skills to contribute to the development of solutions for many of the world's environmental and community-based problems. Landscape architecture education has a significant role to play in providing opportunities to ensure that graduates are skilled in creative problem solving. Creativity through thinking and reflection is often referred to as "design thinking". This article considers the role of design thinking in landscape architecture by describing characteristics of design thinking and design thinkers, and the role of visualisation. The article also reports the findings from a self-assessment of design thinking ability undertaken by a group of postgraduate landscape architecture students studying at the College of Forestry of the Inner Mongolia Agricultural University in Hohhot. The variation in self-assessed capability highlights the importance of formally including creativity and design thinking skills in all programmes of landscape architecture.

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