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    英国景观特征评估概述——管理景观变化的新工具

    关键词:风景园林;景观;景观变化;景观特征;景观特征评估

    Key words:landscape architecture; landscape; landscape change; landscape character; landscape character assessment

    摘要:景观反映了人与环境相互作用的关系,是人类生存环境的概括与表征,如何在满足当代基本需求的条件之下使景观以“可持续”而非衰退的方式变化,是环境管理面临的一大难题与挑战。英国景观特征评估作为一个新方法与新工具,提供了一个理解景观、管理景观变化的系统框架。介绍了景观特征评估的定义及基本特征,编制的基本原则和方法,并概述了景观特征评估在规划及景观保护、管理2个领域的具体应用方法。

    Abstract:Landscape is about the relation between people and place. People value landscape for different reasons, include its social and community value, ecological and economic value. How to make landscape change in a sustainable way rather than the recession under the condition of meeting basic human needs is a major challenge. The landscape character assessment (LCA) in UK is a new tool and approach that can provide a system framework to understand and manage the landscape change. This paper introduces the definition and basic features of the LCA, the basic principles and methods of preparation. And it also makes a detailed description of the application methods of LCA in planning and the protection, management of landscape fields.

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