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    庭园使用及其对老年人身心健康的影响——以杭州四家养老院为例

    关键词:风景园林;康复景观;定量研究;杭州养老院;身心健康;使用;设计

    Key words:landscape architecture; healing landscape; quantitative research; nursing homes in Hangzhou; physical and psychological health; usage; design

    摘要:养老机构庭园作为康复景观的一种类型,是老年人居住生活质量的重要保证。有效促进身心康复并且提高庭园使用状况是此类景观设计的追求目标。以杭州4家养老院为实验场所,采用血压、心率和专注力测试的方法,对93名老年人使用庭园前后的生理心理指标进行测定,并且对庭园的使用情况和认知特征进行问卷调查。结果显示,庭园活动对血压、心率和专注力都有改善作用,而且景观空间特征影响了具体康复效果和使用状况。基于研究结果提出了针对养老机构庭园的设计建议。

    Abstract:As a healing landscape, the garden in nursing home is an essential part of quality of life. The aim of landscape design in this field is physical and psychological health and utility promotions. In 4 nursing homes in Hangzhou, this study conducted physiological and psychological measurement in blood pressure, heart rate and power of concentration before and after 93 elderly people's activity in gardens, and questionnaire was applied to inquire usage and perceived space characteristic. The result shows the garden activity has positive effects on blood pressure, heart rate and power of concentration, while the health outcomes and usage are affected by space characteristic of gardens. The suggestions of specific landscape design strategies in nursing homes are put forward based on these results.

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