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    华南地区植物季相景观探索

    关键词:园林植物;植物季相;季相变化;华南地区;物候期;植物造景

    Key words:landscape plants; plant seasonal phenomena; seasonal phenomena change; South China; phonological phase; planting design

    摘要:选择华南地区典型景观植物进行调查,详细记录、分析了其叶、花、果和空间季相变化特征及持续期,按时间序列进行编排,并就一种植物的季相特征进行了纵向、横向对比,展现其自身在不同时期以及与其他园林植物对比的季相景观效果。在此基础上,结合季节变化规律,系统探讨了华南地区植物季相景观春秋连续、全年常绿变化不足和可全年观赏的植物资源丰富的三大特点,为当地营造季相景观提供了理论依据和实际的植物造景案例。

    Abstract:By investigating the typical landscape plants of South China and researching the seasonal phenomena of leaves, flowers, fruits and spaces of those plants, this paper illustrates seasonal phenomena characteristics and durations in chronological sequence. By both contrast with itself in the different season and other plants in the same season to show the effect of seasonal phenomena of one specific plant, and combining with seasonal variations, this paper discusses three characteristics of seasonal phenomena landscape of South China: continuity of seasonal phenomena of spring and autumn; full of evergreen plants but short of deciduous plants; and abundance of colorful plant. This paper provides the theoretical basis and actual case for designing seasonal landscape in this area.

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