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    以发展过程为主导的大型公园适应性生态设计策略研究

    关键词:风景园林;大型公园;复杂性;动态性;过程;适应性生态设计

    Key words:landscape architecture; large park; complexity; dynamic; development process-dominated; adaptive ecological design

    摘要:大型公园在现代城市发展中发挥着多种重要功能,受到了越来越广泛的关注。现代社会中的大型公园由于其内部、外部原因,在生态、社会、文化等层面具有动态复杂性,在规划、设计、管理等方面都面临挑战,但也为其实现可持续发展带来了机遇。由此,一种新的生态可持续景观理念正在兴起。以发展过程为主导的适应性生态设计将多种复杂因素有机组织起来,顺应大型公园自身的生态机制,制定一系列能够适应动态、复杂情况的,变化开放的设计策略,通过引入和引导自然生态过程、分层叠加的设计方法、强调关联性的发展过程设计和构建弹性的未来发展框架等操作手段来阐述如何构建动态稳定的、可持续发展的大型公园。

    Abstract:Large parks play an important role in modern society and have earned more and more attention. Due to the internal and external reasons, and the ecological, social, and cultural complexities, large parks face the challenges in plan, design and management, which also brings opportunity to achieving sustainable development. Thus, a new concept of ecologically sustainable landscape is emerging. Development process-dominated adaptive ecological design organizes various complex factors, complies with ecologic mechanisms of large parks, and then develops the adaptive design strategies on dynamic landscape, complex functions and changes of large parks. Through the strategies of introducing and guiding natural processes, stratifying different process levels, emphasizing relevance of the design processes, and establishing a flexible framework for future development, it illustrates how to achieve dynamic stability and sustainable development in large parks.

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