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    城市绿地系统布局结构模式的对比研究

    关键词:风景园林;城市绿地系统;布局结构模式;发展趋势;有机进化

    Key words:landscape architecture; urban green space system; layout structure; development trend; organic evolution

    摘要:城市绿地系统的布局结构形态受到城市发展控制原型——基因的决定和影响,当城市基因发生突变时,绿地系统生长显现出新的结构。以绿地系统有机进化论为理论支撑,归纳分析城市的绿地系统布局结构模式特点,即自然性、动态性、多样性、复合性、整体性、层次性和功能性;随之对国内外典型的特大型城市绿地系统的布局模式进行类型比较,最后推演总结出城市绿地系统布局结构模式的六大发展趋势,总结为网络化、多元化、立体化、城乡一体化、区域化及空间均布化。

    Abstract:Urban green space system is an organic part of urban system whose layout structure is decided and influenced by urban development control prototype, gene. When mutation happens to urban genes, new structure would appear in the growth of green space system. Taking the evolutionism of urban green space system as the theoretical support, this paper summarizes and analyses the characteristics about the layout of the urban green space system, which are naturalness, dynamic, multiformity, compositionality, integrality, hierarchy and functionality. Then it makes comparison on layout structure of urban green space system in hyper-metropolises at home and abroad, and finally sums up six trends of the urban green space system, which is network, diversification, three-dimension, the urban-rural integration, regionalization and space uniform.

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