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    基于生境网络的山水城市生态格局模式研究

    关键词:风景园林;山水城市;城市绿地;生境网络;生态格局模式

    Key words:landscape architecture; shan-shui city; urban green space; habitat network; ecological pattern mode

    摘要:山水城市的生态格局模式是当前我国建设美丽城市过程中的重要课题。基于对生境网络的概念诠释及理论解析,提出山水城市景观形态的基本特征、目标策略,进而构筑相关生态格局模式。运用实地勘测调研与生境网络格局指数分析、生态敏感度评价等定量与定性方法,对样本城市的城市绿地及近郊自然山体、水体、农林用地、生物迁徙及其栖息地等基本要素做出多维度的综合分析,提出核—斑—廊—岛的生境网络布局方法,进而对山水城市生态格局模式做出设想。

    Abstract:The ecological pattern mode of shan-shui city is one of the important issues in the process of building a beautiful city. Based on the concept interpretation and theory analysis of habitat networks, this article puts forward the basic characteristics of the shan-shui city's landscape pattern, as well as its target strategies, in order to establish a relevant ecological pattern mode. Applying some quantitative and qualitative methods including site investigation, index analysis of the habitat network pattern, ecological sensitivity evaluation, this article makes a multi-dimensional and comprehensive analysis of various basic elements of the sample city, such as urban green space, suburban natural mountain, water, farmland, woodland, lands of birds' migration, habitat and so on. Thus it comes up with the method "CPCI (core-patch-corridor–island)" to layout habitat networks, and accordingly to make assumptions about the overall ecological pattern mode of shan-shui city.

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