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    在风景园林创作过程中引入可拓学方法

    关键词:风景园林;可拓学;风景园林设计;设计方法;创作;思维方法

    Key words:landscape architecture; extenics; landscape architecture design; design method; creation; thinking method

    摘要:为了让风景园林设计过程更容易被人把握,并为今后的人工智能辅助方案设计做铺垫,引入了逻辑严谨、思维过程透明的可拓学方法辅助风景园林设计。可拓学是一门基于数学逻辑的推演方法,通过对事物构成要素进行拆解与转换来解决矛盾问题。拥有形式化模型,推演过程和结果都由文字和数学逻辑符号构成,能够清晰呈现思维过程,在寻找设计策略和推广设计方法方面具有应用价值。可拓学的基本逻辑细胞是“基元”,基本思维模式包括菱形思维模式、逆向思维模式、共轭思维模式和传导思维模式,逻辑细胞和基本思维模式是运用可拓学的基础,在此基础上,可以灵活组合运用于风景园林设计,使创作过程更为理性、更易控制。

    Abstract:In order to grasp the method of landscape design easier and pave the way for future use of artificial intelligence in auxiliary design, this paper brings in the Extenics Method, which has a sound logic and transparent thinking process, to assist landscape design. Extenics is a deductive method based on mathematical logic. It solves problems by dismantling and transforming the constituent elements of things. It has a formal model. The inference processes and results are composed of characters and mathematical logic symbols which can clearly show the thinking process. It's valuable for identifying design strategies and promoting design methods. The basic logic cell of Extenics is "element" and the basic thinking mode contains rhombus thinking mode, mode of reverse thinking, mode of conjugate and mode of conduction. Logic cells and the basic modes of thinking are the basis of Extenics. Based on these, it can be flexibly combined, developed and adopted in Landscape design so that the process of creation could be more reasonable and easier to control.

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