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    无邻庵庭园声景研究

    关键词:风景园林;日本庭园;无邻庵庭园;造园家;水声;声景

    Key words:landscape architecture; Japanese garden; Murin-an Garden; garden master 'Niwashi'; water sound; soundscape

    摘要:首先就日本以及中国的庭园声景既往研究作了回顾。中国有将雨声与水声明确运用在庭院设计的先例。日本虽然形成发展了自身的造园技术,但是将声音明确运用到庭院的案例甚少,只见一些在全体景观中声音作为陪衬的手法。近代(明治时期以后)日本庭院亦受到西方的影响。以这个时代的典型庭园——京都无邻庵庭园为例,解明庭园中所包含的、亦可以称作是意会的声景创作方法。通过物理特性的测定,在理解造园家设计意图的基础上解明如何在庭园中形成声景。

    Abstract:The reviewed the past researches of soundscape of Japanese and Chinese gardens first. There was the precedent that the sound of rain and water was clearly used in garden design in China. Although Japan formed and developed its own gardening techniques, there were few cases that the sound was clearly used in garden, and there were only some cases that the sound was used in background of the whole landscape. In the modern times (after the Meiji period) Japanese garden was also influenced by the Western. In this paper, with the example of Murin-an Garden, the typical garden of this period, the soundscape creation method contained or felt in the garden was analyzed. By measuring physical properties, the authors tried to explain how to form soundscape in garden based on the understanding of the design intent of the garden master.

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