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    西班牙伊斯兰园林中的声景

    关键词:风景园林;伊斯兰园林;阿尔罕布拉宫;平生园;感官体验

    Key words:landscape architecture; Islamic garden; Alhambra; Generalife; sensory experience

    摘要:在21世纪如何重温伊斯兰历史园林中那些难以捉摸的感官体验?诸如那些类似13—14世纪西班牙格拉纳达阿尔罕布拉宫的园林,连同描绘园林的绘画手稿和文字描述共同揭示了回响着喷泉水流声和鸟鸣声的声景。可以把伊斯兰园林中的声音分为3种:吸引全部注意力的音乐表演,作为背景的声音比如潺潺的水流声和偶发的声音比如鸟鸣声。只有这些园子保存完好且富有活力,才能听到特意创造或偶然制造的声景,而今天听到的也只是最初那短暂声音的再现,传到耳中的声音与600年前的声音是不同的。

    Abstract:How in the 21st century can we recapture the elusive sensory experiences of historic Islamic gardens? Gardens such as those at the 13th-14th-century Alhambra in Granada (Spain), together with manuscript paintings that depict gardens and written descriptions reveal soundscapes that resonated with the sound of fountains water and singing birds. We can classify three kinds of sound in Islamic gardens: musical performances that commanded full attention, background noises such as the murmur of flowing water, and incidental sounds such as birdsong. But even when the garden is well preserved and alive, capturing both the intentional and incidental soundscape, what we hear today is only a re-performance of the ephemeral original, heard by human ears that hear differently from listeners 600 years ago.

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