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    文化景观设计与旧城区活化——以澳门司打口片区为例

    关键词:风景园林;旧城区;保护;活化;景观策略

    Key words:landscape architecture; old-district; preservation; revitalization; landscape strategy

    摘要:城市化盛行的今日,城市机体本身也不可避免地衰败。尽管城市扩张为城市发展争取了大量土地,老城区的城市问题却日益凸显,亟待解决。不同于城市更新,老城区活化更为复杂,不仅应着眼于城市外观上的修复更新,而是要从根本上探索旧区衰败的原因,进而分析找寻重新激发旧区发展的要素。城市是一个不断代谢更新的有机体,因此对城市尤其是城市旧城区的干预应该是局部性的。当今的风景园林学在很大程度上思考经济、社会、文化等变迁对场地的影响和作用,这些要素在旧区活化中都起到举足轻重的作用。景观在旧区活化中的手法强调小尺度,小规模的干预,实现区块模式推广,形成系统。探讨以文化景观作为澳门旧区活化的一个手段,通过“保护”和“发展”实现旧区活化的一种可行性。

    Abstract:As urbanization becomes inevitably prevailing nowadays, city then partly takes on to be shrinking at the same time. Even though the urban expansion benefits city with more space for development, urban issues are still obvious in the old-district, waiting for solutions. Unlike urban renewal, the old-district revitalization is much more complex, focusing on not only the urban appearance renewal, but also the way helping the old-district escape from depression. City is an organism living with metabolism, in which intervention should be partial. Today, landscape greatly reconsiders the site in response to the economic, social, and cultural shifts, which are key points to revitalization and the intervention method is totally of small scale. Here in this essay, cultural landscape would be taken as a methodology supporting the old-district revitalization by preservation and development.

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