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    基于剖面图的景观分析研究

    关键词:风景园林;景观设计;景观分析;动态演变;剖面图;表现

    Key words:landscape architecture; landscape design; landscape analysis; dynamic evolution; cross-section; representation

    摘要:在风景园林学发展过程中,平面图、透视图、效果图长期以来一直受到广泛重视,而对剖面图的研究与分析手段的探讨却相对滞后。事实上,与静态地展示内部结构构造的建筑剖面不同,景观剖面是景观设计过程中的一种动态、立体且丰富的设计语言。通过景观剖面图这一载体,设计师能够清晰地传达地表景观与地下结构的关系;揭示连续的时空变化;演绎不同流动的动态过程,从而使景观的内在与外在成为一个有机的统一体。同时作为设计逻辑的生成过程,景观剖面还能够为设计者和决策者提供多种选择的可能。结合有代表性的实例,基于剖面图进行景观分析与研究,希望对景观规划设计的思维方式和创作方法提供帮助。

    Abstract:In the development of landscape architecture, plans, perspectives and renderings have been gaining extensive attentions, while exploring means of research and analysis of section-based view of landscape are relatively lagging behind. In fact, unlike the different static display of the internal structure of cross-sections of the building, the landscape cross-section is a dynamic, three-dimensional and rich design language in the landscape design process. Through the medium of landscape cross-sections, designer can clearly convey the relationships between surface landscape and underground structures; reveas continuous temporal and spatial variations; interpret different flows of the dynamic process, so that the inner and outer landscape can become an organic unity. Meanwhile, as the generation process of the design logic, landscape cross-section may also be able to provide a variety of options for designers and decision makers. Based on the landscape analysis and research of landscape cross-sections, combined with practical projects, this paper aims to provide new design methods and creative thinking skills for landscape design and planning.

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