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    《画云台山记》的园林设计观

    关键词:风景园林;顾恺之;画云台山记;堆山

    Key words:landscape architecture; Gu kaizhi; On Painting Yuntaishan; mountain design

    摘要:顾恺之的《画云台山记》不仅是一篇山水画的教学篇,更是一篇山水园的教学篇。因为绘画和造园在要素上的共同性,可以从通篇文字中找到与造园规划布置一一对应的要点。文中提出的山脉三段式、横向如龙式、纵向直顿式都是山景创作的重要法式。另外,堆石重势、峰根空绝、半露半隐、双阙呼应、阴阳向背、水面倒影等手法,都是景观创作的重要手法。

    Abstract:Gu Kaizhi's On Paiting Yuantaishan is not only an educational article of landscape painting, but also an article of teaching landscape garden. Because of the common elements of painting and gardening, we can find from the text points corresponding to gardening planning and layout. Its three-part mountain, horizontal dragon style, and vertical pause style are all important mountain scenery creation pattern. In addition, important landscape creation skills also include strong rockery potential, airy mountain foot, being partly hidden and partly visible, twin watchtowers, yin-yang in opposition, and water reflections.

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