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    镇山与镇庙:古代山川崇拜中的建筑与景观呈现

    关键词:风景园林;镇山;镇庙;理景

    Key words:landscape architecture; five chief mountains; temples for chief mountains; landscape

    摘要:中国的名山理景中顺应自然的理景思想、结合环境的设计手法,将人为的理景活动和自然秩序有机地统一起来,处于国家祭祀系统内的山川崇拜更是将所在名山的理景抹上了浓郁的官方色彩。镇山祭祀为岳镇海渎祭祀中的一环,《周礼·职方氏》所建立的九州九镇山的系统为镇山与岳山的共同起源。旨在将镇山与镇庙的研究相结合,通过对人的观念和活动的研究解释建筑与景观的现象,又针对镇山、镇庙及所在城市与周边地理要素的关系研究,以其呈现方式为人的观念和活动提供注脚。

    Abstract:The five sacred mountains and five chief mountains both originated from the system of nine provinces and nine chief mountains built by the Rites of Zhou, but the formal establishment of five chief mountains was later than five sacred mountains. This paper aims to study sacrifices and temples in combination, and it explains architectural phenomenon based on the research of human ideas and activities and provides human ideas and activities with further details by the research of architectural phenomenon. And the issues it focuses on include the correlation between temples and surrounding geographical elements.

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