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期刊杂志

    南宋私家园林石门张氏东园遗址考

    关键词:风景园林;南宋园林;石门镇;张氏东园;古代园林;叠山;武康石;京杭大运河

    Key words:landscape architecture; gardens in the Southern Song Dynasty; Shimeng Town; East Garden of the Zhang Family; ancient Garden; rockery art; Wukang Rock; the Grand Canal

    摘要:2002年考古勘探在浙江省桐乡市石门镇发现的较为完整的园林遗址,被考古部门认定为南宋名园——张氏东园的遗址。遗址在2011年被列入浙江第六批省级文物保护单位名单,是罕见的南宋私家园林考古发现,同时也是京杭大运河沿线重要的古代造园遗迹,但迄今尚未引起关注和重视。以遗址考古简报为基础,实地调查并进行局部测绘,对古代文献典籍进行考证,揭示宋元两代名园——石门张氏东园的兴衰史,在此基础上对东园的性质、年代、园主以及造园手法进行了考证和推测。

    Abstract:East Garden of the Zhang Family, located in Shimen Town of Tongxiang County, Zhejiang Province, neighboring the Grand Canal, was first built in the Southern Song Dynasty. A square courtyard with pool, pavilion, path and rockery relic was found during the discovery in 2002, which provides important material data for the research on the design and planning of private gardens since Southern Song Dynasty. The garden was elected as one of the Cultural Relics Protection Units in Zhejiang Province in 2011. But in recent years, except the publication of the archaeological report, it hasn't caught researchers' attention. In this paper, based on the archaeological investigation, reports, and the literature of Song Dynasty, the authors try to discuss about the nature of this garden, the gardener, and gardening practices.

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