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期刊杂志

    拙政园造园要素空间特征的量化研究

    关键词:风景园林;拙政园;造园要素;量化特征

    Key words:landscape architecture; the Humble Administrator's Garden; elements in landscape architecture; quantitative characteristics

    摘要:通过对拙政园中部景区造园要素空间特征的量化研究,获得的主要结果有:1)水体、山体、建筑与其他面积的比为2:1:1:2.4;2)重要景点间距离控制在25~50m;3)主要建筑景点围绕主体建筑周边布置的合适水平视角约为30~60°,园中主赏景点与其主对景点立面布局的合适垂直视角在25~29°;4)园林主入口赏景轴线上的景点平面布局偏离角度数值是3°,分割山体的合适比约为1:3。

    Abstract:Through studying the spatial characteristics of elements in landscape architecture of the central area of the Humble Administrator's Garden quantitatively, it was found that: first, the area ratio of water to mountain to architecture to others was 2:1:1:2.4. Second, distance between important view spots was controlled within the range between 25m to 50m. Third, the appropriate horizontal viewing angle of the locations of important architecture view spots surrounding the main architecture was approximately between 30° and 60°. The appropriate vertical viewing angle of vertical layout of main spots for enjoying the view and the main view spots opposite should be between 25° and 29°. Four, the deviation angle of plane layout of view spots on the view axis from main entrance of the garden was 3° and the appropriate ratio to the mountain divided was about 1:3.

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