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    从私园到校园——山西铭贤学校校景之形成及其特征(1909—1937年)

    关键词:风景园林;晋中;私家园林;教会;铭贤学校;校景

    Key words:landscape architecture; central Shanxi; private garden; missionary school; Ming Hsien School; landscape of campus

    摘要:铭贤学校(今山西农业大学)位于山西太谷县,是近代从孟家花园发展而来的一所教会学校。分述铭贤校园景观形成的3阶段:根据欧柏林档案及各类历史文献复原孟家花园的原貌;从孟家花园发展而来的早期铭贤校景及其新旧融合、中西并举的特征,在20世纪20年代中期形成了铭贤“双八景”;1929—1937年校园扩展后,按照墨菲为铭贤学校所做的校园规划进一步完善校园景观。铭贤学校与清华学校、燕京大学成为从古典园林演化为近代校园的3种类型。

    Abstract:Established in 1907, Ming Hsien School (Oberlin-in-Shansi School, present-day Shanxi Agricultural University) was a renowned missionary middle school located in Taigu County, Shanxi Province. Based on the Oberlin College Archives and various Chinese materials, this paper investigates the formation of campus landscape of Ming Hsien School in three phases: a restoration of the Flower Garden of the Meng Family in the early 1900s, early construction of the campus characterized by architecture hybrid of Chinese and Western elements, and the full-fledging period of Ming Hsien between 1929 and 1937 following the first campus plan designed by Henry Murphy. It concludes with a comparison with Yenching and Tsinghua as three patterns that transformed traditional Chinese gardens into modern school campuses.

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