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    广州园林木质藤本资源调查及其景观物候特点

    关键词:园林植物;木质藤本;广州;资源;景观;物候

    Key words:landscape plants; liana; Guangzhou; resource; landscape; phenology

    摘要:通过调查广州市9个城市公园、5所高等院校及10处立交桥、高架桥和人行天桥的木质藤本植物,分析其属的地理成分及景观物候特点。结果显示,调查范围内的广州城市园林木质藤本共61种(含变种),隶属于28科46属。热带性属占总比例的80.43%,表明木质藤本的地理成分具有典型的热带性,与广州地处南亚热带季风气候特点相一致;乡土种与外来种比例较接近;分析了木质藤本的景观物候,常绿木质藤本在种类数量上占优势;观赏特性为观花的种类居多,花期各异,集中在夏季;花色、花形丰富的3个特点。

    Abstract:The article investigated lianas of Guangzhou landscape, including 9 urban park, 5 universities as well as 10 overpass, viaduct and pedestrian bridge, analyzed the resources and landscape phenological characteristics. The results showed that there are 28 families, 46 genera and 61 species of lianas in Guangzhou landscape. The tropical genera account for 80.43% of the total number, indicating that lianas of Guangzhou have typical tropical properties, which is consistent with the South Asia monsoon climate. Native species are close to exotic species in proportion. Evergreen lianas are dominant in species number. Flowering characteristics species are in the majority, their florescences last differently and mainly in summer, and they are rich in colors as well as shapes.

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