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    自然草甸群落对人工构建野花组合的启示

    关键词:园林植物;自然草甸群落;野花组合;启示

    Key words:landscape plants; natural meadow community; wildflower meadow; enlightenment

    摘要:为探索自然草甸群落对人工构建野花组合的启示,解决野花组合配置中花卉种类的选择及数量配比问题,调查了中国华北地区4处具有观赏性的典型草甸,按株高将草甸群落划分为3个亚层,分析其垂直结构、各亚层植物种类的性状特点及季相特征与动态变化,绘制自然草甸群落景观模拟图,最后从群落结构、群落外貌和季节动态等方面,为人工野花组合群落构建提供可借鉴的途径。

    Abstract:To explore the guidance of natural meadow on artificial wildflower meadow creation and solve the questions of how to select the species and match the numbers of each specific species, four typical meadows with high appreciative value located in North China was investigated and analyzed. Three sub-layers were divided by plants' height in each meadow community, the vertical stratification, the selected traits in each sub-layer and the seasonal changes were analyzed, and then a simulated picture of natural meadow community was offered as well. This paper finally provided the enlightenment of natural meadow for artificial wildflower meadow establishment via three angles, the structure, the appearance and the seasonal dynamic.

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