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    英国乡村景观变迁中的文化驱动力

    关键词:风景园林;英国;乡村景观;景观变迁;文化驱动力

    Key words:landscape architecture; Britain; rural landscape; changing landscape; cultural driving force

    摘要:乡村景观,是人类发展进程中人与自然相互作用的产物。研究以英国乡村景观为代表的乡村景观变迁及变迁过程中的文化驱动力,有助于探寻景观变迁规律,明确人类活动与景观变迁的相互作用关系,并将该关系运用于规划实践。对英国,特别是英格兰地区乡村景观进行梳理,通过研究乡村景观的典型主体空间结构与景观形式,构建英国各时期乡村景观面貌,同时通过纵向比较,探讨乡村景观变迁的文化要素及其驱动关系。

    Abstract:Rural landscape, as a production of the interaction between human and nature, is very important. Studying the changing process of British rural landscape and its driving forces can help to explore the laws of landscape changing. It is also helping to understand the interaction between human activities and changing landscapes. Those information can be useful in landscape planning today. This study is about the history of rural landscape in Britain, especially in England. It can help us to imagine the landscape view in the past years by studying the structure and form of rural landscape. It also allows us to discuss the cultural driving forces of rural landscape by learning different landscapes in many periods.

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