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    美国国家历史游径管理和规划评述

    关键词:风景园林;美国国家游径系统;历史游径;规划;线性文化遗产

    Key words:landscape architecture; American national trails system; historic trail; planning; linear cultural heritage

    摘要:美国国家历史游径指尽可能沿袭具有国家历史意义的原初道路或路线而延伸的游憩通道,具有保护和利用文化遗产,为大众提供休闲游憩空间等作用和意义。梳理了美国历史游径的发展历程,辨别了历史游径、风景道、绿道、遗产廊道和文化路线的相关线性空间概念,基于《美国国家游径系统法案》分析了国家历史游径的管理、认证、可行性研究和登录标准,结合具体案例总结其规划内容和规划特点,以期为中国线性遗产资源的保护和利用提供借鉴。

    Abstract:American national historic trails are extended trails according to which follow as closely and practicable as possible the original trails or routes of travel of national historic significance. They shall have as their purpose the identification and protection of the historic route and its historic remnants and artifacts for public use and enjoyment. The article summarized the development of American national historic trails, identified concepts of linear spaces such as historic trails, scenic byways, greenways, heritage corridors and cultural routes, and analyzed the national historic trails' administration, identification and feasibility study based on the National Trails System Act. Then combined with case reviews, the article concluded contents and characteristics of American national historic trails master planning as the reference for the conservation and development of Chinese linear heritage resources.

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