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    美国社区公园的游憩设施和服务建设——以洛杉矶市为例

    关键词:风景园林;社区公园;游憩设施;服务项目;洛杉矶市

    Key words:landscape architecture; community park; amenity; program; the City of Los Angeles

    摘要:社区公园是社区游憩服务的重要载体。美国社区公园经历了100余年的发展,积累了丰富的实践经验;洛杉矶市更是将完善社区公园体系作为当前城市改良的发展战略之一,对中国社区公园的发展颇具借鉴意义。以该市为实证,借助统计方法解析了美国社区公园的类型构成、用地面积以及游憩设施和服务项目的基本构成,通过对样本公园调研考察其服务建设的实效,并探讨其可供借鉴的建设经验。

    Abstract:Being important daily recreational destinations for local residents, community parks in the United States experienced 100-year-plus development and put focus on the supply of amenities/programs. In the City of Los Angeles, an optimizing system of community parks is under construction as one of the city's strategies for sustainable development. Taking it as a case, this paper examined the areas of its community parks by type, figured out the basic composition of amenities and programs in these parks, interviewed sample parks and identified the most popular amenities and programs. After discussing the different socio-economic factors, how Chinese community parks can learn from their counterparts in the United States was discussed.

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