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    工业园区景观环境主观评价研究

    关键词:风景园林;工业园区;景观设计;环境;主观评价;景观构成

    Key words:landscape architecture; industrial parks; landscape design; environment; subjective evaluation; landscape composition

    摘要:针对工业园区主观评价及景观构成,对中国北方的哈尔滨、沈阳、徐州等8个城市的工业园区进行了景观设计、环境污染、基础设施和总体感受4个方面的问卷调查和视频分析。调查表明:多数公众对景观环境情况表示不满。相关性分析发现除空气和水环境质量外,加强景观小品设计可以增加公众的舒适和安全感受,增强环境绿化也可提升公众的安全感。研究同时揭示了不同性别、年龄、健康情况、职业等人群的评价偏好,并明确了景观构成和主观评价存在显著的交互作用。

    Abstract:In terms of the subjective evaluation and landscape composition in industrial parks, a questionnaire survey on landscape design, environmental pollution, infrastructure and overall percetions has been carried out in eight cities in north China. The results show that, the evaluations on landscape design and environmental pollution are both at dissatisfaction level. Through the correlation analysis, it has been found that, except for air and water quality, landscape element design is vital for improving the public comfort level and the perceived level of public security, and strengthening environmental greening can also increase the perceived level of public security. The results also reveal the preferences with various profiles of gender, age, health status, occupation, etc, and indicate that there are significant interactions between landscape composition and subjective evaluation.

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