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    花园里的儿童教育:近代至当代西方基础教育中的“学校园”

    关键词:风景园林;风景园林史;学校园;儿童教育;基础教育

    Key words:landscape architecture; landscape architecture history; school garden; children's education; basic education

    摘要:近代以来的儿童教育认为,花园对儿童身心成长具有重要价值,并将花园引入幼儿园和中小学校,成为正式化的教育场所,即“学校园”。回顾了17世纪以来至当代西方基础教育中“学校园”的发展历程,分析了“学校园”的教育价值、内容与含义的演变,相关历史背景,以及近年来研究与实践的发展状况。研究可为当代中国城市“儿童花园”与“学校园”的设计提供借鉴。

    Abstract:In the modern educational philosophy, gardens are valued as a beneficial context for the children's intellectual and spiritual growth and well-being, and were introduced to kindergartens, primary and middle schools as the outdoor classroom: the school garden. This review traces the history of school garden in the Western basic education since the 17th century, explores the expending values and meanings of school gardens in the changing historical backgrounds, and gives a brief review of the researches and practices of school garden in recent years. The goal of this paper is to promote the development of school garden and children's garden in contemporary China.

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