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    基于植物或植物景观的园林景点命名研究——以北京市公园为例

    关键词:风景园林;植物景观;园林景点;命名;北京公园

    Key words:landscape architecture; plant landscape; scenic spot; nomenclature; Beijing parks

    摘要:园林景点命名是中国园林文化中的瑰宝。植物作为园林中唯一的生命要素,自古以来,与园林景点的形成都有着直接或间接的关系,很多园林景点都冠以植物命名。发展至今,植物已成为园林中面积占比非常大的要素,以植物或植物景观为主景或配景的园林景点越来越多,为了彰显景点的文化性和独特性,对其景点的命名成为园林设计中的重要环节。以北京市公园为例,对基于植物或植物景观的园林景点命名进行系统研究,总结归纳其命名分类、命名方式、用词规律、用词频次以及有关实例,旨为相关的园林景点命名提供借鉴。

    Abstract:Scenic spot naming is treasure of Chinese garden culture. As the only elements of life in garden, plants are in direct or indirect relation with scenic spots formation since ancient times, and many scenic spots were named after plants. Now, plants area of garden has become the elements in the very large proportion, and the scenic spots named after plants or plant landscape are increasing, and in order to highlight the cultural and unique attractions, the naming of scenic spot has become an important link in landscape design. In the case study of Beijing parks, scenic spots named after plants or plant landscape are systematically studies in this paper, and the classification, naming methods, word application rules and frequency and the relevant examples are summed up, so as to provide reference for scenic spot naming.

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