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期刊杂志

    北京颐和园古树替代树与后备树选择与培养

    关键词:园林植物;古树;替代树;后备树;颐和园

    Key words:landscape plants; ancient tree; substitution tree; reserve tree; the Summer

    摘要:古树是颐和园的历史见证,保护古树即是保护和传承颐和园的历史文化。有计划地开展古树替代树与后备树培养工作,对保护颐和园植物景观风貌和景观可持续性具有重要意义。在详尽调查颐和园古树现状资源的前提下,首先提出颐和园古树替代树的选择标准,根据古树生长势确定古树替代树培养优先级别;同时根据古树确认标准选择颐和园的古树后备树,选定5种101株树木作为后备树培养;并研究如何培养古树替代树与后备树。研究成果旨在为古树替代树与后备树培养提供参考依据。

    Abstract:Ancient trees are the witnesses of the history of the Summer Palace. Ancient trees conservation is a significant work for protecting and inheriting the culture of the Summer Palace. It is important to plan the cultivation of ancient trees' substitution and reserve trees for protecting the plant landscape and sustainable landscape of the Summer Palace. Based on the survey of present ancient trees resources, this study first proposed selecting the criteria of ancient trees' substitution trees and priorities for cultivation of substitution trees according to the growth status. Then, 101 trees of 5 species were selected as reserve trees according to the standard of ancient trees confirmation. Finally, this study stated how to cultivate ancient trees' substitution and reserve trees so as to provide a valuable case for cultivation of ancient trees' substitution and reserve trees.

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