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    城市屋顶绿化规划研究——以北京市为例

    关键词:风景园林;屋顶绿化;规划设计;宏观;中微观

    Key words:landscape architecture; green roof; planning and design; macro level; medium and microcosmic level

    摘要:屋顶绿化已成为城市建筑“第五立面”利用发展的新趋势,是目前大城市增加城市绿化面积,改善城市小气候,治理城市雾霾,提高人居环境质量的有效途径。目前中国对于屋顶绿化规划设计的研究多是针对单体建筑,从城市规划、城市空间形态角度,结合国外相关经验,对屋顶绿化规划设计进行研究,从宏观城市分区引导、中微观规划设计层面,提出北京市屋顶绿化规划的设计思路与设计重点。

    Abstract:Urban roof greening plays an important role in increasing urban green space, improving urban ecological environment, and controlling fog and haze pollution, improving the living environment quality in large city, and is the new direction in using the "fifth façade" of urban buildings. Most of researches on urban roof greening planning and design focus on monomer building in China. From the urban plan and urban spatial morphology perspective, the paper makes a study on roof greening planning and design, proposes the main points and the thoughts of Beijing roof greening planning and design on the macro level and the medium and microcosmic levels, combining the foreign advanced experience.

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