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期刊杂志

    文化多样性对槟榔屿乔治市植物景观保护与营造的影响

    关键词:园林植物;多元文化;宗教与民间信仰;植物景观;遗产;保护与更新

    Key words:landscape plants; multiculturalism; religious and folk belief; plant landscape; heritage; conservation and regeneration

    摘要:作为世界文化遗产地的马来西亚槟榔屿乔治市是一个多种族混居的城市,华人、印度人以及马来人族群秉持各自的宗教及民间信仰,对遗产地空间植物种类的选择和信仰空间的景观营造产生了重要影响。分析了寺庙、神龛、墓地等宗教和信仰空间中的植物种类及其利用形式,并解读各族群对不同植物文化内涵的理解,以期丰富植物景观的文化内涵。最后,试图为在文化遗产地保护和营造具有地域文化特色的植物景观提出建议。

    Abstract:As a World Heritage Site, Malaysia Penang George Town is a multiracial city comprising three major racial groups-Chinese, Indian and Malay, and every racial group has its own religious and folk beliefs which strongly affected the selection of plant species at the heritage space in this city and influence the creation of landscape at certain belief's space. This paper analyzes the selection of plant species in the space such as temple, shrine, cemetery according to the religious and folk belief, and interprets the different cultural connotation of the plants to each racial group together with the corresponding belief ceremony. In order to enrich the cultural connotation of planting landscape at this city, it puts forward suggestions to conserve and create the planting landscape at this World Heritage Site with its regional cultural characteristics.

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