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    城市家具及其类型学规划设计方法研究——以珠海市城市家具设置规划为例

    关键词:风景园林;城市公共环境设施;城市家具;类型学规划设计

    Key words:landscape architecture; urban public environment facilities; urban furniture; typology planning and design

    摘要:分析了中国城市公共环境设施的国家法规匮缺、地方标准不一、管理归口部门众多等混乱现象。查出121种小类的城市公共环境设施清单,并以公共空间中的步行者、骑行者、残疾人等弱势群体为使用对象甄别出其中的五大类54种小类城市家具清单。通过对国内外城市家具理论与实践源流的考察,界定了城市家具的概念。最后结合珠海市城市家具设置规划,从分类体系界定、简符与代码设定、风格特色类型学图集编制、不同层次的规划表述运用等方面阐述了其基于类型学的规划设计方法。

    Abstract:Based on the analysis of the chaotic situation of China's urban public environment facilities, caused by the lack of national laws and regulations, no unified local standards and multi-sectors administration, the authors summarize 121 small categories of public environment facilities list, and then select 5 major categories (54 samples) of urban furniture from them tailoring for the disadvantaged group in public space, including pedestrians, cyclists and disabled people. Furthermore, based on the research of the origin and development of urban furniture theory and practice at home and abroad, the authors define the brand-new concept of urban furniture. Finally, combining with the case of urban furniture set planning in Zhuhai City, the authors describes the planning and design methodology based on Typology as the following aspects, including the defining of classification system, the setting of simple symbol and code, the compiling of style characteristic typology atlas, as well as the using of different levels of planning.

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