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    基于景观特征评价的乡村生态系统服务提升规划和设计——以长沙市乔口镇为例

    关键词:风景园林;乡村景观;生态系统服务;景观特征;生态网络

    Key words:landscape architecture; rural landscape; ecosystem service; landscape character; ecological network

    摘要:景观特征评价是识别乡村景观内在特征和外在表现的重要工具,在乡村景观规划设计方面具有重要参考价值;乡村景观具有重要的生态系统服务功能,通过生态景观化设计可以提升和改善受损功能。以典型南方水田区域长沙市乔口镇为案例,通过基于室内分类和野外调研的景观特征评价,以及景观问题和措施对生态系统服务的影响分析,进行了镇域生态网络规划和典型景观的生态景观管护和提升模式设计。研究表明,景观特征评价与生态系统服务功能相结合的方式能够很好地指导小尺度乡村景观规划设计。

    Abstract:Landscape character assessment is a critical tool to identify the intrinsic characteristics and appearance of rural landscape. It could be a valuable reference for rural landscape planning and design. Rural landscape has important ecosystem functions and services, which could be enhanced and maintained by ecological and landscape design. This paper took Qiaokou Town, Changsha City, a typical rice paddy area, as a case study, conducted a plan of ecological network and landscape maintenance and enhancement models of typical landscapes by using landscape character assessment based on desk classification and field survey, as well as the analysis of landscape problems and related ecosystem service effects. The study has shown that the combination of landscape character assessment with ecosystem services functions could guide the small-scale rural landscape planning and design efficiently.

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