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    岭南名园余荫山房庭园空间的热环境模拟分析

    关键词:风景园林;岭南庭园;小气候;气候适应性;热舒适;景观要素

    Key words:landscape architecture; Lingnan garden; microclimate; climate adaptability; thermal comfort; landscape element

    摘要:试图寻找一种方法来研究传统岭南庭园空间是如何适应当地湿热气候的。通过数值模拟比对的方法,研究四季典型日下庭园室外平均标准有效温度的逐时变化规律,整体评价不同季节庭园室外热环境质量;提取4个具有代表性的类型化庭园空间,着重分析正午时分庭园室外标准有效温度的空间分布特征及景观要素对庭园热环境的影响。期冀从时间和空间维度相对全面地描述分析传统岭南庭园空间的气候适应性特征,使其更好地在现代设计中传承。

    Abstract:The paper tries to seek a method to study how the traditional Lingnan garden space adapts to the local hot and humid climate. Firstly, numerical simulation method is used to study the outdoor average standard effective temperature hourly variation law of Yuyin Garden in typical days of four seasons and make an overall evaluation of garden outdoor thermal environment quality in different seasons. Then four representative typed garden spaces are chosen to focus on the analysis of space distribution characteristics of the outdoor standard effective temperature at 12 o'clock and of the impact of landscape elements on the garden thermal environment. Finally, this paper expects to make relatively comprehensive description and analysis of climate adaptation characteristics of traditional Lingnan garden from time and space dimensions respectively to make it a better inheritance in modern design.

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