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期刊杂志

    上海豫园夏季晴天小气候实测研究

    关键词:风景园林;古典园林;小气候;营造模式

    Key words:landscape architecture; classical garden; microclimate; constructional model

    摘要:为了挖掘古典园林小气候的营造模式,通过对上海豫园的立地实测,对造园要素与小气候调控的关系进行了研究,以此来探究传统气候智慧中,如何巧妙地利用山石、水体、建筑及植物等园林要素的搭配组合,来达到降温、消暑、避风、驱寒、增温、祛湿、引风等提高舒适度的目的。并采用现代小气候分析的理论与方法,对小气候要素自身(风环境、湿环境、热环境)以及人体舒适性进行深入分析研究,将传统园林中人可感知到的风、湿、热等参数定量为具有科学性的系统解析,为古典园林的“古为今用”提供了新的研究视野。

    Abstract:For the understanding of the constructional model of classical Chinese gardens, with Yu Garden as a case study, the relationships of artificial regulation between the landscaping elements with microclimates were analyzed based on the field survey. The wisdom was also explored about how to rationally plan the rockery, water body, building and plants to create the comfortable environment with the methods of cooling, refreshing, wind-sheltering, cold preventing, warming, damp clearing and ventilation. The correlations among the microclimate elements (wind, humid and thermal environment) with human comfort are studied in detail by the theory and method of microclimatology. The scientific and systemic statement with quantitative analysis of wind, humidity and temperature provides a new vision for the research to the contemporary classical Chinese gardens as "make the past serve the present".

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