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    中国的城市历史景观研究10年综述——缅怀吴瑞梵先生

    关键词:风景园林;吴瑞梵;城市历史景观(历史性城市景观);研究综述;中国;景观方法

    Key words:landscape architecture; Ronald van Oers; Historic Urban Landscape; review; China; landscape approach

    摘要:“城市历史景观”(Historic Urban Landscape)自2005年首次提出至今恰满10年。首先梳理了该理论不断建构和发展的过程性基础文献——联合国教科文组织先后发布的3份文件,指出“景观”始终是城市历史景观理念阐发所关注的核心,是遗产保护对接城市发展的重要桥梁,并以其为节点,将中国相关文献研究划分为3个阶段,分别是早期以介绍和溯源为主的阶段,中期的多元化丰富化阶段,以及近期的实践性和建构性阶段。最后归纳城市历史景观理论在遗产保护领域引入景观语言的重要意义。兼怀在“城市历史景观”的建构与推广事业上功勋卓著的吴瑞梵先生。

    Abstract:It has been 10 years since the concept of "Historic Urban Landscape" was brought in. This paper first analyzes the 3 relevant papers UNESCO has published, representing the development of the construction of this theory, and points out that "landscape" has always been a core to the concept of historic urban landscape, and a bridge connecting heritage conservation and urban development. Relevant researches in China are then divided into 3 stages accordingly, namely the early stage which mainly introduces and traces, the middle stage which is more diverse and rich, and the current stage which is more practical and constructive. In the end, the significance of "Historic Urban Landscape" introducing the language of landscape into the field of heritage conservation is highly approved, and the threat that should be watchful of is figured out. Last but not least, this paper is in memoriam of Dr. Ronald van Oers, who had generously contributed so much of his life into the career of constructing and applying the theory of "Historic Urban Landscape".

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