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期刊杂志

    明代宁夏镇园林植物景观特色研究

    关键词:园林植物;植物景观;地域特色;明代;宁夏镇

    Key words:landscape plants; plant landscape; regional characteristic; Ming Dynasty; Ningxia Town

    摘要:追溯历史景观,不仅利于理解当代景观成因,更能够获得具有文脉特色的设计语言。宁夏镇(银川地区明代旧称)由于特殊的环境条件,悠久的历史发展和开放、多元的社会文化而具备鲜明的地域特色,明代其园林在前朝的积累中达到兴盛,植物景观颇具特色。根据现存的明代地方志等资料,探寻出当时园林植物景观的地域特色:1)粗犷与灵秀并存,水天相接共一色;2)生产与观赏结合,秋季盛实显季相;3)多元宗教文化共生,植物选择重意义。据此为当地园林植物景观地域性特色的构建提供参考。

    Abstract:Tracing back to historical landscape will not only help understand the source of the contemporary landscape, but also obtain design language with cultural characteristics. Ningxia Town(the old name of Yinchuan area in the Ming Dynasty) has distinctive regional characteristics because of its special environment situation, long history development, and the open society with diverse culture. Through the historical accumulation, in the Ming Dynasty, the landscape of Ningxia Town developed flourishingly, and the character of plant landscape was special. So according to the local chronicles of the Ming Dynasty, this paper explored the regional character of the urban plant landscape of Ningxia Town: 1) the plant landscape style was delicately beautiful into wild, and the water connected with sky so that it looked like the same color; 2) the plant landscape configuration combined production with ornament, and especially the flourishing fruits matured in autumn highlights the seasonal landscape; 3) the varieties of the religious culture were co-existence, so the application of plants emphasized different symbolic meanings. Based on these contents, several suggestions for constructing plant landscaping with regional characteristics of Yinchuan City were put forward.

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