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    英国巴洛克园林的本土造园特征分析

    关键词:风景园林;巴洛克园林;英国园林;林园;斯图亚特王朝

    Key words:landscape architecture; Baroque garden; British garden; forestry garden; Stuart Dynasty

    摘要:巴洛克园林作为欧洲园林史上重要的园林风格,深刻地影响了世界园林的变迁,而不同国家在不同时期,园林风格本土化应用的过程中又都有着各自的突破和创新。简要分析了英国巴洛克园林发展的历史原因,结合英国本土园林案例分析了巴洛克园林在英国不同历史时期的造园特征。总结了英国巴洛克园林因地制宜、传承发展、彰显权利、实用多变的总体特征,并对英国本土巴洛克园林特征形成的原因进行归纳总结。

    Abstract:Baroque garden, as an important garden style in the history of European garden, has profoundly impact world landscape changes, while there have been various breakthroughs and innovations in the local landscape and gardensin the different periods of different countries. This paper briefly analyzes the historical reasons for the development of British Baroque gardens, and the gardening characteristics of Baroque gardens in different historical periods of the UK, combined with the case studies of British local gardens. The general features of British Baroque gardens, including adjusting measures to local conditions, inheritance and development, highlighting rights, and being practical and varied, are analyzed, and the origin of the Baroque garden design elements is summarized.

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