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期刊杂志

    从杜甫草堂园林化过程管窥巴蜀纪念园林之流变

    关键词:风景园林;巴蜀;纪念园林;杜甫草堂;园林化;纪念场所

    Key words:landscape architecture; Bashu; memorial garden; Du Fu Thatched Cottage; garden; memorial sites

    摘要:巴蜀纪念园林是巴蜀园林的主体,分析其形成过程有助于巴蜀园林本质特征的厘清。通过对杜甫草堂的园林化过程进行辨析,明确巴蜀纪念园林并非如江南园林等其他园林类型一般多从建园之初即确定其园林性质,而是在初始时作为单一的纪念场所和园林场所存在,在巴蜀地区特有的先贤崇敬及游赏习俗的文化基质影响下,历经多个朝代,经由2种途径形成:1)纪念场所的园林化;2)园林场所的纪念化。通过纪念元素与园林元素相互融入,逐步形成现存的巴蜀纪念园林。

    Abstract:The analysis of the formation process to Bashu memorial garden, the main of Bashu garden, helps to clarify the essential characteristics of Bashu garden. Through the analysis of the garden process of Du Fu Thatched Cottage, Bashu Memorial Garden is specifically unlike as Jiangnan garden and the other types of gardens which determine the nature of garden from the beginning of construction. Instead of that, Bashu memorial garden as a single place for the presence of memorial sites and gardens is under the influence of the unique cultural matrix and the customs of touring of Bashu. After the development in several dynasties, it is formed into two ways, the garden memorial sites and a memorial of garden sites. Memorial elements and garden elements integrate into each other which make the form the Bashu memorial gardens gradually.

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