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    风景园林学在海绵城市构建中的角色研究——以澳大利亚墨尔本为例

    关键词:风景园林;海绵城市;水敏城市;先赋角色;自致角色

    Key words:landscape architecture; sponge city; water sensitive city; ascriptive role; achieving role

    摘要:为了应对水资源问题,中国政府大力提倡海绵城市建设,这其实是可持续城市雨水资源管理的中国表述。风景园林学科对海绵城市的建设至关重要。结合对澳大利亚水敏城市相关概念的发展过程和典型案例研究,借由社会学中先赋角色和自致角色概念,中国风景园林专业可以从不同角色定位和策略入手更好地参与海绵城市建设,促进中国早日实现城市水资源的可持续管理。

    Abstract:Because of the serious water-related problems, Chinese government advocates building sponge city which could be seen as the Chinese term for sustainable stormwater management. The authors argue that sponge city planning, design and implementation requires strategic and specific contributions from the Landscape Architecture discipline which need to get itself prepared. Exploration of the concept of WSUD, its application in Melbourne, Australia, and the leading role of landscape architects, the ascriptive role and achieving role of Chinese landscape architecture are analyzed and suggestions based on the request of different category of role are made to help the landscape architecture preparing for the sponge city.

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