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    城镇化背景下的山地开发与保护:关于研究方法和技术的英文文献综述

    关键词:风景园林; 山地;城镇化;开发;保护;研究方法;技术

    Key words:landscape architecture; hillside; urbanization; development; protection; research method; technology

    摘要:“二战”结束以来,城市化进程的加速导致了世界各地平地资源的日益短缺,山地遂成为容纳城市扩张的空间,如何处理此类土地中开发与保护的关系已是一个全球性问题。为了找到针对该命题的最有效研究方法和技术,采用文本分析法对相关英文文献进行了整理分类。首先,基于麦克哈格的山谷规划明确所需研究的核心问题是如何平衡开发与保护,而这一问题可以从5个不同角度切入,梳理了每个切入角度相关文献中的研究方法和技术。发现跨学科方法和计算机技术是过去50年研究的两大趋势,但知识生产存在分散化现象。指出需要综合利用各种研究方法和技术,在一种整体性研究框架中探寻山地与城市的最佳关系模式。评估了中国大陆地区相关研究的现状,提出了一个综合性工作流程框架。

    Abstract:The post-World War II acceleration of urbanization has caused the shortage of flatland worldwide, which turns hillsides into spaces for accommodating urban sprawl, thus how to manage the relationship between development and protection on such lands becomes a global topic. In order to find the most effective research methods and technology for this topic, this article classifies the relevant English literature through the method of content analysis. Based upon the "Plan for the Valleys" by McHarg, the study makes clear that a balance between development and protection should be the core problem for research, and it can be approached from five different perspectives, the methods and techniques of which are then summarized. It is found that the introduction of new technologies and that of multi-disciplinary methods are two major trends in the past five decades, but the production of such knowledge is fragmented. The study concludes that it is necessary to use all kinds of research method and technology, searching for the best model for mountain-city relationship. The status quo of the research in mainland China is evaluated, and an integrated workflow framework is proposed.

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