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    对国外5个中微观都市农业项目的思考

    关键词:风景园林;都市农业;墙厨房花园;阿尔塔迪纳市民农园;白宫菜园;拉斐特绿地

    Key words:landscape architecture; urban agriculture; the Walled Kitchen Garden; Altadena Community Garden; White House Kitchen Garden; Lafayette Greens

    摘要:以国外5个有代表性的中微观都市农业的项目为研究对象,通过个案分析、文献研究、类比推理、抽象概括等方法,试图探寻国外中微观都市农业发展的动力,以期对中国中微观都市农业的发展有所借鉴。研究发现,国外中微观都市农业有着深厚的历史渊源,在不同的时代有不同的原因支撑其经久不衰,政府和社会各界给予都市农业大力的支持,而中微观都市农业近年来有“花园化”的趋势;中国若想发展中微观都市农业,需要在观念上有所调整,同时完善政府、社会组织机构,促进相关立法的形成。

    Abstract:Five typical cases of foreign medium and micro urban agriculture are studied in this paper. Through case analysis, document research, analogism and abstract generalization, the article is trying to find the motivation of the development of medium and micro urban agriculture in the Western, with the purpose of help the medium and micro urban agriculture development in China. The study finds that, foreign medium and micro urban agriculture has profound historical origins, they have different reasons for supporting the enduring in different times, the government and the social organizations give vigorous supports to the urban agriculture, and the medium and micro urban agriculture has a tendency to "garden" in recent years. If the medium and micro urban agriculture needs to develop in China, the conception should be changed, the government and social organizations should be improved, and relative laws should be promoted.

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