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    英国18世纪自然风景园林之父威廉·肯特的如画贡献

    关键词:风景园林;英国18世纪自然风景园林;威廉·肯特;如画

    Key words:landscape architecture; the natural landscape garden in the 18th century in England; William Kent; picturesque

    摘要:英国在18世纪发展起来的如画园林美学对世界性的园林风格作出了重要贡献。如画园林的形成和发展并不是一蹴而就的,在其形成和发展过程中既有对传统的回归,也有打破旧传统建立新传统的超越。其中,被誉为英国18世纪自然风景式园林之父的威廉·肯特,被公认为是首先使如画在园林实践中发挥重要作用的造园师。基于大量文献的考据,从其成长背景、设计思想、方法和手段等多个层面探讨了威廉·肯特对如画园林美学思想所产生的直接的和间接的影响和贡献。

    Abstract:The picturesque landscape aesthetics of the English garden in the 18th century made an important contribution to the world. The development of the picturesque garden did not succeed overnight, and in the process of its formation and development was a return to tradition, as well as breaking the old traditional and building new tradition. William Kent was praised as the father of the natural landscape garden of Britain in the 18th century, and recognized as the first gardener to make the picturesque play an important role in landscape practice. The paper is based on the research on a large number of literature textual research, and explores the direct and indirect influence and contribution for the picturesque, the most important garden aesthetics in the 18th century in England, from multiple levels of William Ken's growth background, design idea, methods and practice.

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