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    大运河影响下的城市内港码头地区景观演变与发展探析

    关键词:风景园林;京杭大运河;内港码头;水利基础设施;景观演变;城市片区

    Key words:landscape architecture; the Grand Canal; inner port; water conservancy infrastructure; landscape evolution; city district

    摘要:大运河漕运通过内港码头与沿线城市对接,促进了内港码头所在城市片区的商业繁荣,形成了以水为中心的具有独特景观风貌的城市区域。时至今日,这些在水利基础设施带动下繁盛的区域,虽失去了水运交通功能,但其景观格局仍然保留,在功能转换之后,依然是城市区域繁荣的媒介。依据运河与城市的相对位置关系,将大运河影响下的内港码头片区分为三大类:内港码头在城市内部、城市边缘和城市外部,并分别选取北京什刹海片区、苏州阊门片区和聊城古城东部运河片区为典型案例,探讨依托于古代大运河的城市内港码头片区景观的形成演变过程,揭示出以水为载体的历史景观结构随着时间变化在地区发展中的价值。

    Abstract:The cut-through of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal has helped enhance the development of cities along the canal. The canal connects cities through inner ports, which boosted the flourishing of the city districts, and created a unique landscape centered with water. Nowadays, the districts that flourished due to the water conservancy infrastructure have lost their water transport functions, but the landscape structure stillremains. After the transformation, the remaining landscape structure is still the medium of the city regional prosperity. In this paper, based on the influence of the Grand Canal and the relationship between the Grand Canal and the cities, the inner port city areas are divided into three types: the inner port in the city, the inner port at the edge of the city, and the inner port in the external of the city. Taking the Shichahai area in Beijing, the eastern canal ancient city area of Liaocheng city, and the Changmen area of Suzhou city as examples respectively, this paper discusses how the Grand Canal has influenced the inner port landscapes' formation, transformation and development. By discussing the potential factors, this paper reveals how the value of the landscape pattern formed from history and culture would change as time goes by.

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