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    高密度人群下的外部空间适应性设计探讨

    关键词:风景园林;高密度人群;踩踏事故;适应性设计

    Key words:landscape architecture; high-density population; stampede accident; adaptability design

    摘要:近年来,国内外公共场所因高密度人群聚集而导致重大人员伤亡的事故频繁发生,以上海外滩踩踏事故为例,分析了上海外滩踩踏事故发生的原因及机理,不合理的平面布局、过窄的通行宽度以及对人流方向考虑不周是导致踩踏事故发生的重要原因。对外滩可能发生踩踏事故的隐患点提出了优化建议,包括增加通行宽度、增设隔离栏杆、对不合理的台阶高度进行改造等。同时,由此引出城市公共场所外部空间风景园林设计中应对高密度人群聚集的设计建议,提出预防踩踏事故的措施。

    Abstract:In recent years stampede accidents, which cause the deaths of a large number of people, happened frequently under the condition of high-density population in both domestic and international open spaces. This article analyzes the causes and occurrence mechanism such as irrational layout, too narrow passage and insufficient consideration on people flow, taking the Shanghai Bund stampede accident as the case. Additionally, optimizing proposals on the potential spots that might lead to stampede accident have been described in the paper, including the increase of the passage width, additional isolation railing and unreasonable step height transformation. Meanwhile, landscape design strategies and measures to avoid this kind of cases are supplied through studying the accidents.

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