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    圆明园的山水空间格局和类型研究

    关键词:风景园林;圆明园;山水空间;遗产保护

    Key words:landscape architecture; Yuanmingyuan; landscape space; heritage conservation

    摘要:圆明园是中国写意山水园营造的巅峰之作,其山形水系是园林遗产保护的重要部分。圆明园三园虽景点众多,空间复杂,但都有着清晰的整体脉络,三园各具有独特的整体空间格局特点。圆明园的掇山理水和空间营造,包含各种丰富多变的类型。不同类型的山水空间,与园中园的造景特点和功能需求相结合,形成了丰富的景观和空间感受。对圆明三园的空间格局和蕴含其中的典型的空间类型进行了探索和总结。

    Abstract:Yuanmingyuan is the masterpiece of Chinese traditional gardens in impressionistic landscape style. The mountain and water system is the significant part of the conservation of Yuanmingyuan gardens heritage. Although there are various scenic spots and complicated spaces, Yuanmingyuan three gardens have clear integrated context and unique space structure features. The landscaping and the space construction in Yuanmingyuan comprise many types with diversity. Different types of landscape space combined with the scenic characteristics and functions, formed a wealth of landscape and experience. This paper explored and concluded the space structure of Yuanmingyuan three gardens and the typical and representative space types in it.

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