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    基于景观“叙事语法”与“层积机制”的历史城镇保护方法研究

    关键词:风景园林;历史城镇;空间语法;关联叙事;景观演进;历史层积

    Key words:landscape architecture; historic towns; spatial grammar; interrelated narration; landscape evolution; historic layering

    摘要:从联合国教科文组织《关于历史性城市景观的建议》中“价值关联”与“历史层积”的理论视角出发,将历史城镇的景观对象视为承载城镇发展演进过程内在价值信息的“文本”进行解析:提炼出城镇中建构筑物、人群活动、环境绿化、场所空间等景观叙事的要素语汇以及分别作为“叙事文本”篇、段、句、词的城镇格局、簇群、街巷、地标景观;在此基础上,进一步对上述“景观文本”关联、组织的“语法结构”及其演进各阶段中延续、调适、更替、融承的层积机制进行了系统梳理与总结,并提出顺应城镇景观“层积叙事”规律的“有机保护”策略,将对历史城镇的保护内化入其自身发展更新的演进过程之中。

    Abstract:Based on the perspective of "value interrelationship" and "historic layering" in the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, 2011 of UNESCO, the article took the landscapes in historic towns as texts which recorded the intrinsic information of historic towns' evolution process. Then, the article extracted the building structures, space, environment and the crowds' behavior as the landscape's basic narrative elements, and towns' layout, functional clusters, streets and landmarks as the text's structure, paragraphs, sentences and key words. Based on that, the article further discussed the elements' grammatical interrelationships and the historic layering mechanisms in various evolution stages. At last the article put out an organic protection strategy, based on landscapes' "layering narrative" mechanism, and tried to internalize the preservation works into the historic towns' own evolution process.

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