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    格特鲁德·杰基尔的植物景观设计研究

    关键词:园林植物;格特鲁德·杰基尔;植物景观设计;设计元素;设计手法

    Key words:landscape plants; Gertrude Jekyll; plant landscape design; design element; design method

    摘要:英国著名花园设计师格特鲁德·杰基尔在大量的花园设计实践中,形成了独特的植物景观设计理论和方法,从设计元素、设计手法及其历史特征3方面分析杰基尔的植物景观设计特色。杰基尔常用的植物景观设计元素主要包括几何形种植床、“漂浮物”状种植团块、花境、绿篱、林地等,植物景观设计手法多从花园的整体结构、空间布局、精细化植物景观呈现以及多种修辞手法来体现,最后从工艺美术运动时代背景以及杰基尔对历史元素的引用方面归纳其历史特征。

    Abstract:Gertrude Jekyll, the famous British garden designer, under the large number of design practice, formed unique design theory and methods of plant design. The paper proposed the plant design language of Jekyll on the three aspects of design elements, design methods and historical features. Jekyll's plant design elements mainly included geometric bed, "drift" planting shape, border, hedges, woodland and so on.The plant landscape design methods were reflected from the overall structure of the garden, the layout of the architectural composition, fine and beautiful plant landscape present and a variety of rhetorical devices. Finally, the historical features were summed up from the background of arts movement and Jekyll's use of historical elements.

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