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    狮子林:元江南临济山林禅的孑遗

    关键词:风景园林;狮子林;山林禅;湖石假山;禅意园林

    Key words:landscape architecture; Lion Forest Garden; Rinzai Zen; Taihu stone rockery; Zen garden

    摘要:世界遗产、苏州名园狮子林始建于元代,创立者天如惟则禅师是江南临济宗传人。历经600余年风雨变迁,狮子林亦寺亦园,屡易其主,现虽已改变了初建时的风貌,但大型拟态湖石假山群及多处禅意景点皆渗透禅理,营造出浓厚的佛教幻想意境,保留了山林禅的气息,成为元代江南园林临济宗孑遗,在中国寺庙园林史上硕果仅存,成为狮子林最令人瞩目的文化价值。

    Abstract:The Lion Forest Garden, as the world heritage, and a famous garden in Suzhou, was built in the Yuan Dynasty. The founder of the garden is TianRu WeiZe, a Chan master who was the heir of Rinzai Zen in regions south of the Yangtze River. After more than 600 years, although the garden already changed when first built, the rockery group and several Zen scenic spots in the garden reflect Rinzai Zen. The Lion Forest Garden is the only garden of Rinzai Zen in regions south of the Yangtze River, and this is the most impressive cultural value of the garden.

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