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    基于农户调查的寒地村镇公共开放空间优化设计策略

    关键词:风景园林;农户调查;寒地村镇;公共开放空间;优化设计策略

    Key words:landscape architecture; household survey; village in cold region; public open space; optimized design strategy

    摘要:村镇公共开放空间是农户活动的物质空间依托,是连接村镇功能体系的空间桥梁。由于长久以来缺乏足够的重视,村镇公共空间出现空间布局失衡、功能单一、设施不合理等问题。寒地村镇受到气候及生活习惯的影响,农户对公共开放空间的利用率更低,相应降低了村镇的活力。选取东三省及内蒙古北部地区的典型村镇作为研究区域,对公共开放空间的建设现状及使用情况进行调查,针对存在的问题,提出优化设计策略。

    Abstract:Village public open space is the physical platform of villager activities, bridging functions of network. Since the long-term ignoring, spatial problems happened in the villages, such as the imbalance in spatial layout, the singleness of function and the irrationality of facility arrangement. In addition, spatial utilization fell due to the cold weather and traditional lifestyles, resulting in lower vitality accordingly. This paper samples typical villages as research areas in Northeast provinces and northern Inner Mongolia, summarizing current spatial problems and proposing corresponding optimized design strategies, with the comprehensive survey of construction situation and daily usage in public open space.

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